The first move away from the boiling method of domestic coffee making came about in France in the early 19th century with the filter coffee pot. This is an economical pot, made from simple materials, such as tinplate, ceramic or other types of metal. The upper section has a filter at the bottom, while the lower section has a handle and a spout. This preparation method became particularly widespread in the second half of the 19th century, both in France and Italy.
By avoiding boiling, this preparation technique preserves all the properties of the coffee intact. In fact, after the ground coffee is placed in the filter, the water is heated in a separate container. The water is then channelled into the pot through the coffee, slowly extracting all the aromas. Once the lower part has been filled, the coffee is ready for pouring.